Celiac disease is the inflammation of the small intestines because of gluten. Children can recover for a maximum of six months, but it can take years for adults to heal . Here are facts about celiac disease.
Celiac disease is diagnosed through serology testing and genetic testing. In genetic testing, one is free from celiac disease when he or she has no human leukocyte antigens (HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8). Serology testing determines if an immune reaction to gluten in taking place or not in the body by establishing the levels of specific antibody proteins.
Your body will behave normally when you take food that has gluten before the celiac test hence avoid such foods before the test. Barley, durum, wheat, bulgur, malt, graham flour, rye, farina, and semolina are some of the foods that have gluten. You should be careful with medications (herbal, vitamin, mineral, and other nutritional supplements) and non-food products like mouthwash and toothpaste, play dough, lipstick products, communion wafers, stamp glue and envelopes, modified food preservatives, stabilizers, and starch, because they also have gluten.
When the doctors receive positive results for celiac disease, you will have to take two more tests that are known as endoscopy and capsule endoscopy. In an endoscopy test, the doctor determines the damage that the disease has created on the small intestines by passing a small long tube that has a tiny camera down to your throat through your mouth.
The doctor will give you a vitamin-sized tablet that has a tiny camera in it for you to swallow when you are taken through the capsule endoscopy test so that the doctor can examine the small intestines. The camera sends the images it takes to the transmitted recorder as it passes through the digestive tract. When you excrete the camera will come out painlessly, therefore, do not be scare to take the capsule.
Common signs and symptom of celiac disease in adults and children include poor appetite, canker sores inside the mouth, nausea, vomiting and seizers, weight loss, dull skin, short stature, bloating, flatulence, mood swings and irritability, anxiety, irregular periods, infertility or recurrent miscarriage, tingling numbness in the hands and feet, thinning hair, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and constipation. You may also have to undergo skin biopsy if the doctor suspects that you have dermatitis herpetiformis. The doctor will use a microscope to observe small skin tissue that will be taken from your body.
You can protect yourself from the disease by maintaining gluten and lactose-free diet, use multivitamins and eat foods that are enriched in calcium daily and for women who are in the childbearing age bracket, take a lot of folic acids.